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Atatürk Anıtkabire ne zaman defnedildi ne zaman taşındı

ataturk_ne_zaman_defnedildi_56413Atatürk anıtkabire ne zaman defnedildi, Ne zaman konuldu, ne zaman taşındı, ne zaman getirildi, Atatürkün naaşı Anıtkabire neden taşındı, Atatürk’ün naaşı Anıtkabire niye getirildi, Atatürkün anıtkabire nakli ne zaman, Atatürk’ün anıtkabire nakli, atatürkün naaşı, atatürkün naaşı ne zaman anıtkabire taşındı, atatürk naaşı, Atatürk ne zaman Anıtkabire konuldu,

Atatürk’ün ölümünden sonra 21 Kasım 1938 günü yabancı devletlerden gelenlerin de katıldığı çok büyük bir cenaze töreni ile Atatürk’ün cenazesi Ankara Etnografya Müzesi’ndeki geçici kabrine konuldu.Atatürk’ün ebedi mezarı Anıtkabir’in yapımına 1944 yılında başlandı.İnşaat aşaması oldukça uzun sürdü ve 1953 ylında tamamlanabildi. Ölümünden 15 yıl sonra 10 Kasım 1953’te Atatürk’ün cenazesi Ankara Etnografya Müzesi’nden alınarak törenle Anıtkabir’e getirildi ve toprağa verildi.

Ulu Önder’in 15 yıl süre ile kaldığı Etnoğrafya Müzesindeki geçici kabri 4 Kasım 1953’de açıldı.
Geçici kabrin açılmasında; Meclis Başkanı Refik Koraltan, Başbakan Adnan Menderes, Genelkurmay Başkanı Nuri Yamut, Eski Meclis Başkanı Abdülhalik Renda, Cumhurbaşkanlığı Genel Katibi Nurullah Tolon, Eski Genel Katip Kemal Gedeleç, Ankara Valisi Kemal Aygün ve Belediye Başkanı Atıf Benderlioğlu hazır bulundular. Kabrin açılmasında, Erkek Teknik Sanat Okulu ve Yapı Enstitüsü öğretmen ve öğrencileri de görev aldı.
Kabrin açılmasına saat 09.05’de başlandı. Mezarı üstten ve yandan çevreleyen mermer levhalar birer birer çıkarıldı, kabrin üzerideki 80 cm. kalınlığında olan toprak tabaka alınarak, kağıt torbalarda toplandı. Daha sonra bu topraklar Anıtkabir’e getirilerek ebedi istiratgahına kondu. Toprağın altındaki döşeme de kaldırılarak geçici kabri boydan boya kaplayan çelik kapaklar dışarı çıkarıldı. Bu kapaklar kaldırıldığında, Atatürk’ün Türk Bayrağına sarılmış tabutu ile karşılaşıldı. 500 kg. ağırlığındaki tabut; sal tertibatı yapılmış olan vinçle yukarı çekilerek, Etnografya müzesindeki katafalka konuldu. Tabut katafalka konduktan sonra, kabrin açılmasında hazır bulunan resmi heyet tarafından bir protokol hazırlanarak imzalandı. Daha sonra Kız Teknik Öğretmen Okulu öğrencilerinin hazırladığı Türk Bayrağı, katafalkın üzerine serildi.

Ulu Önder Atatürk’ün aziz naşının önünde, 4 Kasım’dan 9 Kasım’a kadar yüksek öğretim öğrencileri, subaylar, sivil erkan ve generaller saygı nöbeti tuttular.

Törene katılacak olan resmi zevat, 10 Kasım 1953 günü saat 09.00’da, Etnografya Müzesi önüne geldi. Saat 09.05’de müzenin önündeki boru ile “Ti” işareti verildi. Bu işaretle birlikte Ankara tepelerinde top atışı başladı ve bu anda tüm törene katılanlar saygı duruşunda bulundu. Cumhurbaşkanlığı Muhafız Alayı’ndan 12 er, Büyük Atatürk’ün Türk Bayrağına sarılı tabutunu omuzlar üzerine kaldırdılar ve Etnografya Müzesi önünde bekleyen top arabasına yerleştirdiler. 136 genç asteğmenin çektiği top arabası saat 09.20’de müze önünden hareket etti.

Töreni icra için oluşturulan birlik; tören komutanı, karargahı Kara Harp Okulu Bandosu ve sancağı, Harp Okulu Alayı Flamaları, Hava Harp Okulu’ndan bir bölük, toplu halde bayrakları taşıyan gençler ile bir izci alayından oluşmuştu. 12 general top arabasının iki tarafını çevreliyordu. Atatürk’ün İstiklal Madalyası, siyah kadife bir yastık üzerinde bir amiral tarafından taşınıyordu. Bunun arkasından da protokole dahil zevat geliyordu. Bu arda Hava Kuvvetlerine bağlı uçaklar da havadan korteje katılıyordu.

Kortej opera binası önünden Bankalar Caddesi yolu ile Ulus Meydanına doğru ilerledi. Büyük Millet Meclisi önünden geçerek istasyon önüne geldi. Buradan Ulaştırma Bakanlığı-Demiryolu köprüsünü takiben saat 11.15’de, Tandoğan Meydanına ulaşıldı. Kortej yol boyunca ilerlerken, Türk Hava Kurumunun uçakları Atatürk’ün bir portresini Ankara semalarında dalgalandırıyordu. Uçaklardan naaşın üzerine ufak paraşütlere bağlı çiçek demetleri atıldı.

Kortej 12.15’de Anıtkabir’e ulaştı. Aslanlı Yol’un başlangıcındaki alanda top arabasının yanaşacağı ve tabutun indirileceği merdivenler hazırlanmıştı. 12 er Ata’nın naaşını omuzlarına alarak Aslanlı Yol’da ilerlemeye başladılar. Yine Tabutun sağ ve solunda 12 general yürüyordu. Yolun iki tarafına yerleştirilmiş kız ve erkek izciler ellerindeki çiçekleri tabutun geçeceği yola serpiyorlardı.

Ata’nın naaşı Şeref Holü’ne çıkan merdivenlerin başına geldiğinde, merdivenlerin iki yanında üçer sıra nöbet tutan izciler O’nu selamladılar. Tabut 12.50’de Şeref Holüne çıkan merdivenlerin ortasındaki Hitabet Kürsüsünün arkasında hazırlanmış olan koyu vişne rengi katafalk üzerine kondu.

Saat 12.55’de Cumhurbaşkanı Celal Bayar, katafalkın arkasından Türk Milletine hitaben bir konuşma yaparak; “Atatürk, şimdi seni kurtardığın vatanın her köşesinden gelen topraklarla gömüyoruz. Fakat hakiki yerin Türk Milleti’nin minnet dolu sinesidir. Nur içince yat” sözleri ile tamamladı.

Tabut, O’nun her zaman itimadına mazhar olmuş Mehmetçiğin omuzlarında lahitin tam altında bulunan defin mahalline getirildi. Cumhurbaşkanı Celal Bayar ve diğer zevat mezarın etrafında yer almışlardı. Sanduka açılarak tam saat 13.30’da aziz naaş, Mehmetçiklerin elleriyle ebedi istiratgahına indirildi. Mezarın etrafında Ankara Toprağı ve yurdun dört bir köşesinden getirilmiş olan topraklar bulunuyordu. Mezara ilk toprağı Cumhurbaşkanı attı, diğer zevat da onu izledi. Defin işlemi tamamlandıktan sonra, Şeref Holü’nde lahitin önünde saygı duruşunda bulunuldu. Bu arada, Etnografya Müzesi’nde geçici kabrin açılışında hazır bulunan heyet tarafından defin tutanağı hazırlanarak imzalandı.

Resmi törenin sona ermesini müteakip, Anıtkabir halkın ziyaretine açıldı, anıt gece projektörlerle aydınlatıldı. 19 Kasım 1953 günü Ulu Önder’i tam 70.000 kişi ziyaret etti.

   

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